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External and Internal Anticorruption Monitoring in the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine

The structure of external and internal control of anti-corruption activities of the Ministry of Defence of Ukriane 

Internal Monitoring

Monitoring and coordination of the implementation of the Anti-corruption Program of the Ministry of Defence of Ukriane is conducted by the Commission, headed by the First Deputy Minister of Defence of Ukraine. The Commission meets on a quarterly basis. Each year, by 10 February the Commission considers information submitted to the National Agency on Corruption Prevention to prepare national reports on the implementation of the principles of Anti-corruption Policy.
 
Commission meets openly with the involvement of the media, NGOs, experts and scientists. Direct organization of work to implement the Anti-corruption Program of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine, formation of proposals, their correction and ongoing monitoring is carried out by a working group led by the head of the Bureau for the Prevention and Detection of Corruption in the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine.
 
11 February 2016, the Commissionon for the Monitoring and Coordination of the Anti-corruption program of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine organized its first meeting  led by First Deputy Minister of Defence of Ukraine. Participants analyzed the results of the anti-corruption activities in the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine for 2015, identified the main problems and their solutions, outlined management decisions taken to implement the priorities.

Regulation on the Commissionon for the Monitoring and Coordination of the Anti-corruption program of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine

The Commission defines legal and organizational basis of the system of preventing corruption in the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine, the basis and the application of preventive anti-corruption mechanisms, rules to eliminate the consequences of corruption.

Monitoring by Public Authorities

Public Control

In order to enhance public participation in the formulation and implementation of government policy in public affairs as well as to establish public control over the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine, ensure effective interaction with the public, consider public opinion in the formation and implementation of state policy in the military sector, in August 11, 2015, the Minister of Defence of Ukraine signed a Regulation on the establshment of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine.
 
The main objectives of the Public Council:
  • Assistance in the implementation of the citizens constitutional right to participate in public affairs.
  • Public control over the activities of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, institutions, agencies, businesses and organizations.
  • Promoting the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine's consideration of public opinion in the formation and implementation of state policy in the military sector.

External Monitoring

The condition for the successful implementation of the Anti-corruption Program of the Ministry of Defence Ukraine for 2015-2017 is the development and implementation of an independent external monitoring and evaluation. External monitoring and evaluation of implementation of the Anti-corruption Program of the Ministry of Defence Ukraine is being carried out by the Anti-corruption Expert Advisory Committee and Defence Corruption Monitoring Committee of the Transparency International. External monitoring includes non-governmental organizations, leading national and international experts, independent institutions in order to maintain objectivity and impartiality.

Anti-corruption Expert Advisory Committee

Expert Anti-corruption Advisory Committee is an advisory body to the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine with the purpose to provide non-governmental and international control over the activities in preventing corruption in the defence sector as well as to provide an independent international expert advice on the formation and implementation of anti-corruption measures in the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
 
The main tasks of the Committee:
  • Providing expert advice to the Minister of Defence of Ukraine on the formation and implementation of anti-corruption measures in the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine, its jurisdiction and the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
  • Evaluation and promotion of recommendations (programs) of international organizations and international non-governmental organizations on preventing and combating corruption.
  • Information support of anti-corruption measures of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine through the planning and implementation of measures of internal and external communications, information campaigns, work in the media space, public event management.
  • Facilitaiton of cooperation between the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and specially authorized entities in combating corruption and other executive bodies, national and international NGOs and the provision of appropriate proposals to the leadership of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine.

Defence Corruption Monitoring Committee Transparency International

The project will build on TI-DSP's previous engagement in Ukraine to inject strong public oversight and monitoring of the defence sector, and improve the transparency - and therefore efficiency - of security assistance.

The aim is to support reform through external monitoring and pressure, specifically through the creation of a Defence Corruption Monitoring Committee. This idea build on the well documented success of the Monitoring and Evaluation Committee in Afghanistan. The Defence Corruption Monitoring Committee will be a joint international and national monitoring group that will monitor the MOD's progress on reform, provide a channel for raising corruption cases and communicate with the broader public on defence reform progress. Its objective is to sustain external pressure on the MOD to implement anti-corruption reforms and build public confidence in Ukraine's defence institutions.

The DCMC's main activities will be:

  • Establish clear public expectations of anti-corruption reform in the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces, and conduct reviews on progress. The DCMC will publish government commitments on the anti-corruption action plan, and conduct regular reviews on reforms. In addition, a baseline assessment will be conducted by the TI-DSP team using the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (GI) methodology so the DCMC can hit the ground running and encourage the government to focus on priority areas. In addition to measuring progression the GI methodology, this component will also include a review of prosecutions of defence personnel for corruption and related crimes.
  • Bring to government and public attention instances of corruption in defence and security sector to create pressure for reforms. A website and tex/telephone hotline will be created to allow citizens to securely report cases of corruption in the defence and security sector to the DCMC, which can then be investigated further, and/or the data about the case collected for advocacy work and more general research.
  • Monitoring transparency and accountability of security assistance. Initially, a baseline assessment of the corruption risks in security assistance provision will be conducted by TI-DSP, which will inform the group. One of the big accountability challenges in security assistance is the lack of transparency from donors or simply that information is scattered. In the pilot phase, the DCMC will begin publishing security assistance contributions from donors on a single online platform.
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